The Complete String Quartets; Végh Quartet. The 1952 Haydn Society
"This is an enticing bargain for chamber
"This 1952 cycle originally appeared on the long-defunct
Haydn Society label. As such, it was among the first Beethoven quartet
cycles available to LP collectors. Since then, there have been dozens
of other versions, including an early 70s remake from the Véghs
themselves, with exactly the same membership. Nevertheless, this reissue
from Music & Arts is welcome, and a historically and artistically
important perspective has been restored to us.
Violinist Sándor Végh formed his eponymous quartet in 1940; formerly, he had belonged to the New Hungarian Quartet (who recorded a Beethoven quartet cycle of their own, also in the early 1950s). His partners were second violinist Sándor Zöldy, violist Georges Janzer, and cellist Paul Szabo. They played together until 1978, when Zöldy and Janzer were replaced by Philipp Naegele and Bruno Giuranna. The Quartet disbanded in 1980, but Végh continued his career as a soloist and as the esteemed conductor of the Salzburg Camerata. He passed away in 1997.
Although the Véghs played in what was a modern style - more concerned with technique and with a smooth blending of the four instruments than earlier quartets were - performance traits from earlier in the twentieth century persisted in a vestigial form. The Véghs generally used less vibrato and more portamento than quartets that ascended in the 1950s and 60s. The resulting tendency towards tonal sentimentality was more than counteracted by the toughness of the Végh Quartet's interpretations.
Tonal blend and individuality are nicely balanced. Végh, on first violin, varies his bow pressure to produce tone that is expressively thin (even "white"), symphonically full, and everything in between. Zöldy's tone can be more throaty, even watery, but this reflects the period's style (albeit a waning one) rather than personal shortcomings. In the later quartets (op. 59, #3, for example), Végh dominates him. Janzer's viola tone is gorgeous, and Szabo provides a rock-solid foundation and attractive tone throughout his instrument's register.
Annotator Harris Goldsmith comments that the Véghs
lack humor and "sportive animation" in the op. 18 quartets.
Actually, I find their Op. 18 to be quite strong, although the Quartet
is more successful with drama than with charm. Excitement is seldom
lacking. Emotionally, they heat up quickly, and they can be heartrending
in slow movements, including in the very first of the set. Other quartets
have made more of the Russian elements in Op. 59 and the German element
in Op. 130. With a few exceptions (where is the "molto"
in the second movement of Op. 131?) their tempos are sensible and
solidly maintained. Exposition repeats are omitted, but again, there
are exceptions, such as in the opening movement of op. 130. One small
bit of laziness that annoyed me at times was a tendency in the faster
movements to clip quarter notes of their full value.
The monaural sound, natural and full, has held up well.
Close microphoning, while it flattens dynamic gradations, creates
intimacy and immediacy. There are signs, however, that the tapes have
degraded. Pre-echo is audible (for example, in the last movement of
Op. 127 and in the first movement of Op. 130), and there is flutter
(the second movement of Op. 132) and other sonic anomalies (some "pumping"
of the tone near the end of Op. 95). None of these problems lasts
for very long, or is disturbing enough to spoil what is a favorable
These seven discs are offered for the price of four - an excellent bargain, and one that makes this set economically as well as artistically competitive with others on the market."
Posterity can savor two complete Beethoven cycles, both performed by Hungarians, that dominated the recording scene of the 50's. The Hungarian Quartet, which recorded the cycle in 1953 for EMI, had proclaimed its advocacy of Beethoven's controversial, fast metronome markings. A cool elegance and virtuosity and refinement prevails on these discs, sometimes imparting a silken toned aloofness and objectivity to these sometimes too beautiful and offhanded interpretations. Conversely the 1952 Végh traversals, reissued here, are of another temperamental and aesthetic stripe: boldly iconoclastic, more heavy-gaited, but far more willing to come to grips with Beethoven's down-to-earth physicality. An analogy with these readings can be drawn between some of Klemperer's Beethoven symphony interpretations and with the recordings by the Busch Quartet.
This cycle is not to be confused with a later recording by the same performers, reissued on Auvidis.
CD-1084(7) Beethoven: The Complete String Quartets; Végh Quartet. The 1952 Haydn Society Recordings .Ludwig van Beethoven The String Quartets. Die Streichquartette ; Les Quatuors À Cordes
Disc 1 (71:49) Quartet in F major op. 18 no. 1 F-dur o en fa majeur. Quartet in G major op. 18 no. 2, G-dur o en sol majeur. Quartet in D major op. 18 no. 3. D-dur o en ré majeur.
Disc 2 (72:59) Quartet in C minor op. 18 no. 4 c-moll o en ut mineur. Quartet in A major op. 18 no. 5. A-dur o en la majeur Quartet in B flat major op. 18 no. 6. B-dur o en si bémol majeur.
Disc 3 (70:16) Quartet in F major op. 59 no. 1 ("Rasumovsky") F-dur o en fa majeur. Quartet in E minor op. 59 no. 2 ("Rasumovsky")e-moll en mi mineur.
Disc 4 (61:51)Quartet in C major op. 59 no. 3.("Rasumovsky"). C-dur o en ut majeur Quartet in E flat major op. 74 ("Harp"). Es-dur ("Harfenquartett") en mi bémol majeur ("Les Harpes").
Disc 5 (73:29) Quartet in F minor op. 95. f-moll o en fa mineurQuartet in E flat major op. 127.Es-dur o en mi bémol majeur Great Fugue in B flat major op. 133. B-dur o en si bémol majeur
Disc 6 (78:50) Quartet in B flat major op. 130. B-dur o en si bémol majeur Quartet in C sharp minor op. 131 cis-moll o en ut dièse mineur.
Disc 7 (67:59)Quartet in A minor op. 132, a-moll o en la mineur Quartet in F major op. 135, F-dur en fa majeur Végh Quartet Sándor Végh, 1st violin, Sándor Zöldy, 2nd violin, Georges Janzer, viola, Paul Szabo, cello 017685 108426